Token & Gaming Counters

A contemporary George III gaming counter in the form of a spade guinea dated 1788. Unlike the gaming counters of similar type struck during the late Victorian period, the contemporary ones retain the official inscriptions. They have the maker's name below the truncation of the bust, but in this case it is illegible. The engrailed edge is probably a later addition.

 State  United Kingdom  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  .  Classification  Gaming counter
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  1788  Metal  Brass
 Weight  .  Diameter  24mm
 Obverse Description
Laureate head of George III right
 Obverse Inscription
GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA
 Reverse Description
Crowned shield of arms
 Reverse Inscription
M B F ET H REX F D B ET L D S R I A T ET E 1788
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  09/03/2012  Site  Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18th Century 26mm Guinea Copper Alloy London
Information

Possible George III Guinea Token

. 22/02/2017 Pasture 1a

 State  United Kingdom  Reign/Issue Authority  Victoria
 Denomination  Half Sovereign  Classification  Counter
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1848-1850's  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  1.24g  Diameter  19mm
 Obverse Description
Young head of Queen Victoria left
 Obverse Inscription
VICTORIA QUEEN OF GREAT BRITAIN
 Reverse Description
Three plumes enfiled through crown and with ICH DIEN label, all within crowned garter.
 Reverse Inscription
THE PRINCE OF WALES MODEL HALF SOVRN
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  Arable  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  05/08/2014  Site  FK Dig 

 State  United Kingdom  Reign/Issue Authority  Victoria
 Denomination  Half Sovereign  Classification  Counter
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1848-1850's  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  1.14g  Diameter  19mm
 Obverse Description
Young head of Queen Victoria left
 Obverse Inscription
VICTORIA QUEEN OF GREAT BRITAIN
 Reverse Description
Three plumes enfiled through crown and with ICH DIEN label, all within crowned garter.
 Reverse Inscription
THE PRINCE OF WALES MODEL HALF SOVRN
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  Arable  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  26/12/2018  Site  Arable 4 

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1796 George III 29mm Half Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Promissory - Hampshire

. 30/03/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1792 George III 29mm Half Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Norwich - Norfolk

. 15/03/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1794 George III 28mm Half Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Ipswich - Suffolk

. 30/03/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1792 George III 29mm Half Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Yarmouth - Norfolk - Type 51-52

. 20/04/2012 Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
c.1859 Victoria 34mm Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Australia Geelong Penny Token

. 23/06/2017 Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1799 George III 29mm Half Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Montrose Lunatic Hospital Token

. 22/02/2018 Pasture 2b

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 24mm Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 VINSON RUXLEY

. 30/08/2018 Pasture 2b

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
1794 George III 29mm Half Penny Copper Alloy London
Information

Poss Fake "IOHN OF GAUNT DUKE OF LANCASTER" 

16/08/2010 Park

A round Newspaper token of the 19th Century of value 3D, re used from a 1805 Irish Halfpenny. LLOYDS WEEKLY NEWSPAPER c.1848-1855.

 State  Colonial Ireland  Reign/Issue Authority  George III
 Denomination  Threepence  Classification  Token
 Mint   Soho (Birmingham)  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1848-1855 (1805)  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  7.20g  Diameter  28mm
 Obverse Description
George III Bust Right
 Obverse Inscription
LLOYDS WEEKLY NEWSPAPER 3D POST FREE
 Reverse Description
Irish Harp
 Reverse Inscription
LLOYDS WEEKLY NEWSPAPER 3D POST FREE
 References
Original coin ref, KM# 147.1 : Spink 6621
 Comments  Wikipedia Link
 Land Type  Arable - Stubble  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  06/03/2016  Site  MHF Club Dig

While throughout history, men have been putting one stamp or another in coins, during the latter half of the 19th century, this practice became a very common practice in commerce. While the basis of offset printing was invented by Gutenberg way back in 1452, it was an extremely labour-intensive process, as was the paper that was printed. These two facts conspired to cause printing for basic advertising to be beyond the financial grasp of the average shop owner. While the Linotype machine was invented in 1886, it did not come into widespread use until the beginning of the 20th century. The Linotype machine was a pretty fascinating piece of work, for those of you that are interested in machinery.  Using a keyboard, the “Compositor” would punch in the text. The machine would then use that information to assemble a line of text using molds of each letter, called “matrices”, setting them side by side as needed.  The machine would then cast that mold into a “slug”, which was one line of set text. It then assembled the slugs in the “galley”, assembling them in the required order so as to define the story. When the printing was completed, the slugs were melted down and the material used again for the next run. Added to this labour saver was the cost cutting in the manufacturing of paper, switching from the standard practice of using linen fiber to using wood pulp. So all of this helped reduce the cost of printing at the beginning of the 20th century, but that didn’t help poor ol’ Henry back in about 1870. In his shop on North Street in Brighton, he was producing everything from ultimate braces to saws, but remember, this was the latter half of the 19th century. One of his complex molding planes with a single blade would sell for less than 75 cents. To bring up his volume so he could purchase stock at better prices, Henry had to advertise. Like many small businesses at the time, Henry turned to “Counterstamping” coins. Because it was against the law to deface the British currency, Henry brought in hundreds of 10 centimes coins from France and beat the hell out of those. He then handed them out as change to put them back into circulation in the hopes that they would find their way to someone in need of a joining tool. When the coins were presented to Henry back at the shop, he would give the bearer credit for the value of the coin, worth about 3 British pennies. By today's standards, given the price of hand-made wood planes, that would equal a $30 to $45 discount, not a value to sneeze at. 

 State  France  Reign/Issue Authority  Napoléon III
 Denomination  10 Centimes  Classification  Token
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  1856  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  10g  Diameter  30mm
 Obverse Description
Portrait facing left, inside beaded circle. Lettering around outside, date underneath
 Obverse Inscription
MITCHELL SAW MAKER BRIGHTON
 Reverse Description
Eagle with wings outstretched facing right
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
Original coin ref, KM# 771 
 Comments  Link
 Land Type  Arable - Stubble  County  Norfolk
 Discovery Date  19/08/2017  Site  NHRG Dig

An round market trader's tally of J F Keeble of Bexley. The tally has a value of 1 Shilling. James F Keeble (born c.1845) is listed as a market gardener of Bexley on the 1881-1911 censuses. His address on the 1911 census is Lower Manor Farm, Vicarage Road, Bexley. Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's. 

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Shilling  Classification  Market trader's tally
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  27mm
 Obverse Description
.
 Obverse Inscription
J F KEEBLE 1 s
 Reverse Description
.
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  03/06/2011  Site  Pasture 1

An oval market trader's tally of J F Keeble of Bexley. The tally has a value of sixpence. James F Keeble (born c.1845) is listed as a market gardener of Bexley on the 1881-1911 censuses. His address on the 1911 census is Lower Manor Farm, Vicarage Road, Bexley. Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's. The low value of the present tally suggests a 19th century date.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Sixpence  Classification  Market trader's tally
 Mint   R Neal, London  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  19th Century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  35mm x 25mm
 Obverse Description
Inscription in three lines
 Obverse Inscription
J F KEEBLE G: MKT; NEAL PERCIVAL ST in small letters above and below
 Reverse Description
Inscription in two lines
 Reverse Inscription
SIX PENCE
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  20/06/2011  Site  Pasture 1

An oval market trader's tally of E A Harris of Borough Market, London. The tally was struck by the Soho Metal Works and has a value of one shilling. The Soho Metal Works was a subsidiary of Spink and Son Ltd, and was active from 1903 to 1934. Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's. The low value of the present tally suggests a 19th century date.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Shilling  Classification  Market trader's tally
 Mint   Soho Metal Works  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  20th Century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  36mm x 25mm
 Obverse Description
Inscription
 Obverse Inscription
E A HARRIS BOROUGH MARKET; SOHO METAL WORKS in small letters below
 Reverse Description
Value, Is
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  10/06/2011  Site  Pasture 1

A square market trader's tally of Alfred Shread of Borough Market, London. (In addition to the main legend given below, the inscription, PERCIVAL St EC, is visible in very small letters on the obverse. This is part of the address of the tally manufacturer, R Neal, who occupied premises at 49 and 50 Percival street.) Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's. The low value of the present tally suggests a 19th century date.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Shilling  Classification  Market trader's tally
 Mint   19-20th Century  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  8.30g  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  31.2mm square
 Obverse Description
Inscription in three lines
 Obverse Inscription
ALFRED SHREAD BORO MKT
 Reverse Description
Value, Is
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  21/06/2013  Site  Pasture 1

A market trader's tally of Charles Knights Ltd, trading at Spitalfields Market, London. It is of lobed sub-rectangular shape with a K-shaped perforation, and has a value of two shillings. (In addition to the main legend given below, the details of the the tally manufacturer, R NEAL of PERCIVAL St EC, are present in very small letters on the obverse.) Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Two Shilling  Classification  .
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  19th-20th Century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  5.21g  Diameter  30mm x 26mm 
 Obverse Description
Inscription in four lines
 Obverse Inscription
CHARLES KNIGHTS LTD SPITALFIELDS
 Reverse Description
Value, 2s
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  31/01/2014  Site  Pasture 1

A barber's saloon check of one penny value, provided by the wholesaler, Robert Hoovendon & Sons, London. In barbers' saloons of the late 19th to early 20th century, a system of checks was often used for making payment. After dealing with a customer, the barber would give him a token bearing the value of services provided. The customer would then take the token to the saloon's cashier to make payment. There is often a provision on the token for a barber's chair number to be stamped on it (unused on the present example). In larger saloons, where there were several barbers working, this facilitated the payment of each barber based on the value of work he had done.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Penny  Classification  .
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1883-1920's  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  28mm
 Obverse Description
Pentagon enclosing main inscription
 Obverse Inscription
RH (monogram) & SONS LON-DON; TRADE MARK below
 Reverse Description
Value, 1D, above chair number (unstamped)
 Reverse Inscription
1D No
 References
Cf. Michael Mitchiner, Jetons, Medalets & Tokens, Nos. 10078-10081
 Comments
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  13/06/2011  Site  Pasture 1

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority
Daily Chronicle and Clerkenwell News
 Denomination  .  Classification  Advertising token
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  Late 19th to early 20th century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  23.5mm
 Obverse Description
Inscription across and around
 Obverse Inscription
DAILY CHRONICLE AND CLERKENWELL NEWS MYDDELTON HOUSE CLERKENWELL E.C.
 Reverse Description
Inscription across and around
 Reverse Inscription
ADVERTISEMENTS - 20 WORDS 6D - 3 TIMES 1S
 References
Seaby British Tokens and their Values, No.433
 Comments  Been holed 
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  28/09/2012  Site  Pasture 2

A provincial market trader's tally of one shilling value, issued by H Elms of Bexley. This is very probably a token of Henry Elms, born c.1844, who is described on the 1891 census as a 'licensed (pub) victualler and fruit grower'. On the 1901 census, his son, Alfred George Elms, seems to have taken over the fruit growing business, as he is described as 'market gardener'. Henry was described only as a 'publican'. Tallies were given in return for a deposit paid on boxes and crates when items of fresh food (fish, meat, fruit, etc.) were bought from wholesale markets or farms. They were a means of ensuring that the boxes and crates were returned to the wholesalers and farmers. When the first tallies were produced in the middle of the 19th century, they had a relatively low value (sixpence being quite common). With inflation and increasing packaging costs, the amount required to be deposited progressively increased, typically reaching a halfcrown by the turn of the century, and up to several pounds when the tallies were last in use in the 1950's.

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  1 Shilling  Classification  Market trader's tally
 Mint   R Neal, London  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1895 - 1929  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  28mm
 Obverse Description
Inscription
 Obverse Inscription
H ELMS BEXLEY (R NEAL MAKER 50 PERCIVAL ST in small letters)
 Reverse Description
Value, 1/-
 Reverse Inscription
(R NEAL MAKER 50 PERCIVAL ST in small letters)
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  London
 Discovery Date  09/07/2011  Site  Pasture 1

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  Unknown  Classification  Whiskey Token
 Mint   London  Moneyer  . 
 Chronology  19th Century  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  .  Diameter  25mm
 Obverse Description
Inscription
 Obverse Inscription
CRAME OF IRISH, WHISKEY, KING O'TOOLE, F.TOOLE & Co, LEADENHALL ST. LONDON
 Reverse Description
Inscription
 Reverse Inscription
TOOLES, H (EYE) CLASS, WHISKIES, R.AI
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  06/09/2015  Site  MHF Club Dig

The Golden Perch - John Cheek Fishing Rod & Tackle Manufacturer. 132 Oxford Street London. Advertising token, This company was in business from 1833-1860 and at this address from 1843 till the company closed

 State  England  Reign/Issue Authority  .
 Denomination  .  Classification  Advertising token
 Mint   .  Moneyer  .
 Chronology  c.1843-1860  Metal  Copper Alloy
 Weight  5.53g  Diameter  26mm
 Obverse Description
.
 Obverse Inscription
.
 Reverse Description
.
 Reverse Inscription
.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  02/02/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

Dated Era Size Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 25mm x 25mm Shilling Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. . 15/08/2016 Pasture 3

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 20th Century 22mm 2S/6d Copper Alloy London
Information

[ ]RD CLOTHING Co.

25/11/2016 Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 23mm Token Copper Alloy London
Information

CHAMPAGNE BOUCHAGE BREVETE S.G.D.G.

25/11/2016 Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 21mm . Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig 

. . . Pasture

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 20th Century 26mm Sixpence Copper Alloy London
Information

 Token - Co-op - Dartford Kent

. 29/04/2011 Park

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 20th Century 18mm Penny Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 Token - Co-op - Faversham Kent

MHF Club Dig 18/09/2016 Arable - Ploughed

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No Unknown 17.8mm Unknown Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. . 04/06/2015 Pasture 3

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No Modern 22mm Token Copper Alloy London
Information

.

. . 15/02/2017 Pasture 1a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 20th Century 25mm 19'9 Alloy London
Information

Unknown Disc (DELTA- CASH PRICE- STYLE 230A)

15/07/2011 Pasture 1