Railway Buttons

A die-formed three-piece copper-alloy uniform button of the South Eastern and Chatham Railway; circular; hollow; convex front; flat back; machine-crimped joint; simple looped shank (missing); An Imperial crown with the letters 'SE & CR' above and a wreath bellow, all within a roped border; no backmark.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
SE & CR
 Period  .
 Chronology  c.1901-1923  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  1.33g  Size  16mm dia
 References
David J Froggatt, Railway Buttons, Badges & Uniforms plate 33, no 3.
 Comments  . 
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-stamped three-piece copper-alloy uniform button of The Cheshire Lines Committee; Circular; hollow; convex front; flat back; crimped joint; separate fitted wire shank; inscribed script letters CLC; unsure if backmarked due to condition.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
CLC
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  1.53g  Size  17mm dia
 References
David J Froggatt, Railway Buttons, Badges & Uniforms plate 42, no 4.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A uniform Button, probably of the Chicago & Alton Railroad/Railway Company; die-formed; three-piece construction with crimped joint and separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; flat front; flat back; a monogram of the letters C&A Co; back marked AM.B. CO Extra Quality.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
C&A Co, (front), AM.B.CO EXTRA QUALITY, (backmark)
 Period  .
 Chronology  c.1900-1922  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  23mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 16mm Railway Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 "GWR" Great Western Railway 

Park

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No c.1907-1933 17mm Railway Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 CHARING CROSS EUSTON & HAMPSTEAD RAILWAY

1.99g .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No c.1859-1923 25mm Railway Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 London Chatham Dover Railway "Invicta"

Pasture 2

Commercial, Leisure & Public Sector Buttons

A die-formed three-piece copper-alloy uniform button with separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; flat with raised rim; crimped joint; initials MFB in ornamental Gothic letters across the field; simple looped wire shank; backmarked FIRMIN & SONS Ld LONDON. Firmins became a limited company in 1875. Notwithstanding the Kent findspot, the button appears to have been made for the Manchester Fire Brigade.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
MFB / FIRMIN & SONS Ld LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19- 20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-formed (i.e. pressed)
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  3.82g  Size  28mm dia.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  Arable  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  30/08/2015  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-formed three-piece General Post Office uniform button with separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; convex front; flat back, crimped joint; simple looped wire shank; GPO cipher with a crown above

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-formed
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A uniform button of the London County Council*: die-formed; three-piece construction with crimped joint and separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; convex front; flat back; a monogram of the letters LCC; backmarked J R GAUNT & SON LTD LONDON ENGLD. The backmark was in use between 1899 and 1991. The monogram design is pre 1965. * An identical button in the reference cited below is attributed to the London County Council Ambulance Service. However, the monogram appears to include only the letters LCC, and the Council was also responsible for other services, including a network of tramways.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
J R GAUNT & SON LTD LONDON ENGLD
 Period  .
 Chronology  20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-formed (i.e. pressed)
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  4.62g  Size  24mm dia
 References
Dennis G Blair, British Buttons, p. 30, G50
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  10/01/2014  Site  Pasture 1

A die-stamped two-piece uniform button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat; uncertain initials, probably including H, M, R, and possibly T, in monogram; backmarked: FIRMIN LONDON; gilded overall.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
FIRMIN LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilded  .  .
 Weight  2.33g  Size  15mm
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  07/09/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-stamped two-piece uniform button of the Midland Bank, originally with separate brazed/soldered shank, now missing; circular; slightly convex front with raised rim; flat back; two conjoined shields above the motto VIS UNITA FORTIOR (United Strength is Stronger), all below a monogram of L J C & M B LTD (London Joint City & Midland Bank Ltd); backmarked H & W TOWELL CO LTD LONDON. The Midland Bank was founded as the Birmingham and Midland Bank in 1836, and established a presence in London in 1891, when it acquired the Central Bank of London. The button depicts the bank's own shield of arms (right) and the shield of arms of the City of London (left). The name 'London Joint City & Midland Bank Ltd' was used between 1918 and 1923.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Civilian uniform  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
J C & M B LTD - VIS UNITA FORTIOR / H & W TOWELL CO LTD LONDON
 Period  . 
 Chronology  c.1918-1923  Primary Material  Copper alloy (brass)
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  7.09g  Size  .
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  13/07/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No c.tbc 24mm Police Copper Alloy Kent
Information

LEITH POLICE FORCE

01/04/2018 Pasture 5

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