Decorated & Plain Buttons

BUTTON
Unique ID:
PUBLIC-86682F
Awaiting validation Find awaiting validation
 Chronology
Broad period: POST MEDIEVAL
Period from: POST MEDIEVAL
Period to: POST MEDIEVAL
Date from: Circa AD 1500
Date to: Circa AD 1700
 Dimensions and weight
Quantity: 1
Height: 15.8 mm
Weight: 3.5 g
Diameter: 10.5 mm
 Spatial data
Region: South East (European Region) 
County or Unitary authority: Kent (County) 
District: Canterbury (District) 
Parish or ward: Barham (Civil Parish) 
 Description

A Medieval Copper alloy button of c. AD1500-1700 date. . Cast one-piece with integral drilled shank. The head of the button is Discoidal; circular; solid; convex front; flat back. It has multiple concentric circles of moulded beading on the upper surface of the button. It has a rectangular-section rectangular shank with a rounded end. Similar examples can be seen in Read ( 2005) page 31, ref 100.

 Materials and construction
Primary material: Copper alloy
Manufacture method: Cast
Completeness: Complete
 Personal details
Recorded by: Mr David Clarke
Identified by: Mr David Clarke
Secondary identifier: Miss Jennifer Jackson
 Discovery dates
Date(s) of discovery: Sunday 22nd September 2013
 Site
MHF Club Dig - Arable

A two-piece sheet-metal button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat; a die-struck sixteen-petalled flower within a toothed border; simple looped shank; silver-plated front.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  Post medieval
 Chronology  18th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Sheet metal
 Surface Treatment  Silver-plated  .  .
 Weight  3.30g  Size  24mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Essex
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Rally - West Bergholt

A one-piece copper-alloy button, cast in the form of a coin of the Roman period. It depicts a laureate, right-facing head of the emperor Otho, and has the legend MP M OTHO CAESAR AV C TR P. The legend is one used on genuine coins, except that the 'I' of IMP is missing and the letter spacing is spurious. The shank is rectangular and disproportionately large. The excavation of the now famous towns of Herculaneum and Pompeii in 1738 and 1748 stimulated an interest throughout the world in classical art. Buttons in the form of Roman coins date from the second half of the 18th century onwards and are, no doubt, a reflection of this interest.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  One-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Coin  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  Post medieval
 Chronology  18th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Cast
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  15mm dia.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 31mm Coin Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. 04/08/2017 Pasture 3

A copy of this coin : The Roman Empire Nerva, 96 98. Denarius 97, AR 3.44 g. IMP NERVA CAES AVG P M TR P COS III P P Laureate head r. Rev. AEQVITAS AVGVST Aequitas standing l., holnding scales and cornucopiae. C 6. BMC 24. RIC 13. CBN 13. 


A die-stamped two-piece copper-alloy button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat; an arcuate cross with foliate arms and a fleuret in each angle; backstamped: ORANGE LONDON; traces of gilt finish present.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
ORANGE LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilded  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  13mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 2

A composite four-piece circular button consisting of umbonate front, flat back, brazed/soldered wire shank and oval inset paste stone. The front has a flat raised centre and a decorated cavetto border. The oval red stone is inset into the flat centre. The back is flat and no backmarks are visible. The joint is crimped. Traces of gilt survive on the exposed metal surfaces. The shank is a simple wire loop soldered to the back.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Four-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  Red paste stone  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilded  .  .
 Weight  1.32g  Size  13 mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  28/05/2015  Site  Pasture 2

A die-formed three-piece copper-alloy button, originally with separate brazed/soldered wire shank (now missing); circular; hollow; slightly convex front; flat back (slightly depressed at centre); a floral design in relief on a hatched field; crimped joint; backmarked: D W PIGOTT & CO LONDON (inner inscription illegible).

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
D W PIGOTT & CO LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-formed
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  22mm dia.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 2

A die-formed three-piece button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat; a six-pointed star within a foliar border between raised inner and outer circles; crimped joint; simple looped shank. The composition of the button is uncertain. The combination of a silvery front and iron corrosion on the back suggests that plated steel may have been used.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Uncertain (see 'Description')
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  2.90g  Size  22mm dia. 
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 2

A die-formed two-piece sheet copper-alloy button with separate brazed/soldered shank; circular; flat; asymmetrical floral decoration; simple looped wire shank, now flattened.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Decorated  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-formed
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  1.70g  Size  22mm dia. 
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A die-stamped three-piece copper-alloy modern blazer button in the form of a 'Livery Button'; with separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; convex front; flat back; crimped joint; a cest over a coat of arms and with the motto 'SPECTEMUR AGENDO', within a scroll; backmarked but illegible; gilt.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Fashion  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
SPECTEMUR AGENDO / ?
 Period  .
 Chronology  20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  23mm dia. 
 References  Comments  .
 Land Type  .   County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No Post 1878 25mm Plain Copper Alloy Kent
Information

A. W. Gamage Ltd, of High Holborn, London

23/01/2016 Pasture 4

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 28mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 .

Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19th Century 16mm Plain Copper Alloy Hampshire
Information

 Gilt Inscription

. . . .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19th Century 20mm Plain Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig

. Gilt Inscription 09/03/2014 .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19th Century 19mm Plain Copper Alloy Kent
Information

3.28g Gilt Inscription 11/05/2016 Pasture TM

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 16mm Plain Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

3.18g Gilt  04/07/2016 Pasture 2a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 27mm . Copper Alloy Kent
Information

Saxon Shore Dig 

Town Arms-Dover Gilt 12/08/2018 Grass

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 24mm Plain Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig 

4.03g Silver-plated 15/05/2016 Pasture

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 25mm Patterned Pewter Kent
Information

.

4.68g . 20/10/2015 Pasture 4

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 15mm Patterned Pewter Kent
Information

.

2.22g . 07/03/2017 Pasture 1a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 16mm Patterned Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

1.48g Silver plated 19/02/2017 Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 13mm x 9mm Plain Round Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig

. . 11/05/2014  .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 18mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. . 19/10/2016  Pasture 4a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 13mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. . 16/06/2017  Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 13mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. . 16/06/2017  Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 1720-1770 AD 19mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

. Silver Plated 07/04/2017  Pasture 4

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 20th Century 23mm Decorated Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 "Regiment" a Fashion Button

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