Livery Buttons

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate soldered/brazed wire shank (missing); circular; flat; heraldic crest depicting an arm in armour embowed holding in the hand a cutlass; backmarked I NUTTING & SON KING St COVENT GARDEN, Traces of gilding remain. The finder has attributed the button to the 'Bucke' family of Kent.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  Incomplete (loop missing)
 Object Inscription
Backmark; I NUTTING & SON KING St COVENT GARDEN
 Period  Georgian / Victorian
 Chronology  c.1807-1840  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  7.70g  Size  29mm dia
 References
Fairbairn's book of crests, (reprint of the 4th Edition, 1983), plate 196, no. 10
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  09/03/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-formed two-piece monogrammed livery button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat with outer rim; a coronet of a Viscount over the letter 'C' in script; backmarked, FIRMIN & SONS LONDON; gilt. This button is most likely form one of the Viscount Cobham, most likely the 8th Viscount Cobham.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  Incomplete (loop missing)
 Object Inscription
C / FIRMIN & SONS LONDON
 Period  Victorian
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  6.32g  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  Arable  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  28/07/2014  Site  FK Dig

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank, circular, slightly convex front with outer rim; slightly concave back; heraldic arms in lozenge-shaped escutcheon ; backmarked, G & W BOGGETT & CO St MARTINS LANE LONDON; gilt.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
G & W BOGGETT & CO St MARTINS LANE LONDON
 Period  Georgian / Victorian
 Chronology  c.1835-1842  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  6.11g  Size  26mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  04/04/2014  Site  Pasture 1

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat front with outer rim; flat back; heraldic crest depicting a wolf's head erased; backmarked, FIRMIN & SONS 13 CONDUIT ST LONDON; silver-plated front.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
FIRMIN & SONS 13 CONDUIT ST LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  c.1852-1875  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Silver-plated  .  .
 Weight  5.90g  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  16/02/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig 

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
JB/ E.W. JACKSON & Co 58 GRACECHURCH ST
 Period  .
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Silver-plated  .  .
 Weight  7.74g  Size  26mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  16/08/2015  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank, circular, flat front with outer rim; flat back; heraldic crest depicting out of a ducal coronet a plume of five ostrich-feathers, an Earl's coronet above; backmarked, P & S FIRMIN LONDON; silver-plated.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
Backmarked, P & S Firmin London
 Period  Victorian
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  2.10g  Size  16mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 2

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank, circular, flat; heraldic crest depicting a a dexter arm embowed vested and cuffed, the hand holding a sunflower; backmarked, C & J WELDON 150 CHEAPSIDE LONDON; gilt.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
C & J WELDON 150 CHEAPSIDE LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  7.10g  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Park

A die-formed two-piece livery button with brazed/soldered shank; circular; flat front; flat back; heraldic crest depicting, a dove holding in the beak an olive-branch, the dexter claw resting on a Fer-de-Moline; backmark, I NUTTING & SONS KING St COVENT GARDEN; gilt. Fer-de-moline also known as a Millrind. The crest of the Barchard family of Horsted Place, Uckfield, Sussex.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
I NUTTING & SONS KING St COVENT GARDEN
 Period  Georgian to Victorian
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilt  .  .
 Weight  5.30g  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Park

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank (missing), circular, flat front with outer rim; flat back; heraldic crest depicting a savage ambulant in fesse, holding in his sinister hand a club resting on his shoulder, and on his dexter arm a shield charged with a cross; backmarked, DOUGHTY & Co 103 St MARTINS LANE LONDON; silver-plated.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
Backmarked, DOUGHTY & Co 103 St MARTINS LANE LONDON
 Period  Georgian / Victorian
 Chronology  c.1836-1855  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Silver plated  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  24mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A die-formed two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank (missing); circular; slightly convex front; slightly concave back; heraldic shield of arms with crest above, between three martlets, three chevrons, crest a martlet ; backmarked, FIRMIN & SONS LD 153 STRAND LONDON; silver-plated.
 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  Incomplete (loop missing)
 Object Inscription
FIRMIN & SONS LD 153 STRAND LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  c.1875-  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  4.43g  Size  25mm dia.
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  07/09/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-formed two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank; circular; slightly convex front; slightly concave back; looped wire shank; heraldic crest depicting on a mount, a torteau charged with a squirrel sejant; backmark illegible. The crest on this button is most likely that of the 'Crestwell' family of London.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  Victorian 
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  2.10g  Size  16mm dia
 References
Fairbairn's book of crests, plate 135, 11. (reprint of the 4th Edition, 1983).
 Comments  . 
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  07/09/2014  Site  MHF Club Dig

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank; circular; convex front; concave back; omega-form shank; heraldic crest depicting, out of a mural Coronet a Stag's head; backmarked FIRMIN & LANGDALE STRAND. 

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  Georgian
 Chronology  c.1811-1824  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Silver plated  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered shank, circular, flat front with outer rim; flat back; heraldic crest depicting a stag courant, a baron's coronet above, backmark, CHARLES JENNENS LONDON with plume; silver-plated.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  Incomplete (loop missing)
 Object Inscription
CHARLES JENNENS LONDON
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Silver-plated  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  26mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  12/10/2012  Site  Pasture 1

A die-formed three-piece copper-alloy livery button with separate fitted wire shank (simple loop); circular; flat with rounded edge; crimped joint; an ornate letter 'M' encircled by a knotted rope, all within a raised rim; backmarked HARVEYS LONDON K C. Livery untraced.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
HARVEYS LONDON K C
 Period  .
 Chronology  20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  4.90g  Size  23mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  .  Site  Pasture 1

A die-stamped two-piece livery button with separate brazed/soldered wire shank; circular; flat; heraldic shield of arms with floral supporters and crest above, below the shield a banner inscribed 'DUM SPIRO SPERO'; backmarked, OHN HUNTER 16 MADDOX ST; gilt. The crest and motto are those of 'Bainbridge' family. Arms, a chevron embattled between three battle axes; Crest, on a mount a goat passant, collared.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
DUM SPIRO SPERO / JOHN HUNTER 16 MADDOX ST
 Period  Georgian / Victorian
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  Gilded  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  28mm dia
 References
Burks General Armory of England, Scotland Ireland and Wales
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  26/08/2013  Site  Pasture 1

A die-formed three-piece livery button with separate fitted shank; circular; hollow; convex front; flat back; crimped joint; simple looped wire shank; a pelican in her piety (drawing blood from her breast to feed her young); backmarked: [ ] PITT & CO [ ]. Pitt & Co operated from 1875 until 1973, when the company was bought by J R Gaunt, just before Gaunt itself was taken over by the Birmingham Mint.

 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Three-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
.
 Period  .
 Chronology  19-20th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  .  Size  25mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  26/08/2013  Site  Pasture 1

A die-formed two-piece livery button with separate fitted shank; Mocatta Family Crest
 Object Type  Button  Object Classification  Two-piece
 Object Sub-classification  Livery  Object Description  .
 Object Inscription
153 STRAND LONDON FIRMIN & SONS
 Period  .
 Chronology  19th Century  Primary Material  Copper Alloy
 Additional Material  .  Method of Manufacture  Die-stamped
 Surface Treatment  .  .  .
 Weight  7.25g  Size  28mm dia
 References
.
 Comments  .
 Land Type  .  County  Kent
 Discovery Date  25/09/2015  Site  Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19-20th Century 27mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

5.40g . 11/05/2016 Pasture TM

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 19th Century 26mm Livery Copper Alloy Essex
Information

Rally

Firmin & Son London . .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 16mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

 .

A Dragon . Pasture 2

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 17mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig

A Dragon  24/08/2014 .

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 25.5mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

5.25g A Dragon  26/11/2015 Pasture 4

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 27mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

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7.13g 04/07/2016 Pasture 2a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 25mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

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6.14g . 31/08/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 17mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

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1.70g . 31/08/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 18mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

2.64g 07/07/2016 Pasture 2a

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 27mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

.

7.70g Stuart  30/03/2017 Pasture 5

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 25mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

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. . 30/05/2018 Pasture 3

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-19th Century 24mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

MHF Club Dig

5.43g 24/07/2016 Pasture

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 15.7mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

2.10g

R H Murray, Probably Suffolk. 16/04/2016 Pasture 4

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 26mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

The Stephenson Family Crest . Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 25mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

TBC 30/06/2017 Pasture 1

Dated Era Diameter Type Material Found
No 18-20th Century 16mm Livery Copper Alloy Kent
Information

The Hamelyng Family Crest . Pasture 1

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